The human caring theory that Watson proposed some thirty years ago continues to evolve today toward caring science status, with much of its roots based in TP. The capacity to reach out to the other’s (patient’s) life-world during the transpersonal caring moment requires a unique level of awareness [, What stands in our way of realizing interconnectedness through the transpersonal caring moment in nursing? What could they do differently next time? According to Watson, health is a subjective experience that is defined by the person. This aligns with Wilber’s integral approach to evolution of consciousness states, and curricula can be developed to support student growth in this area [. Sort by citations Sort by year Sort by title. There are four fundamental designs used by nurses for knowledge. The authors of this article integrate two historically parallel yet disparate fields of nursing, caring science theory and nursing quantum leadership science. The reader is provided with guidelines for educators who desire to support students’ capacity for growth in enacting transpersonal human caring states. “On transpersonal definitions.”, Donald Rothberg. Distance or online students can practice this with patients, colleagues, or loved ones. The ones marked, Watson Caring Science Institute and University of Colorado, Verified email at watsoncaringscience.org, F Gros, H Hiatt, W Gilbert, CG Kurland, RW Risebrough, JD Watson, J Fawcett, J Watson, B Neuman, PH Walker, JJ Fitzpatrick, Journal of nursing scholarship 33 (2), 115-119, JONA'S healthcare law, ethics and regulation 8 (3), 87-93, Journal of advanced nursing 37 (5), 452-461, Nursing administration quarterly 27 (3), 197-202, Advances in Nursing Science 13 (1), 15-24, Journal of health and human services administration, 466-482, New articles related to this author's research, Nursing: Human science and human care: A theory of nursing, Toward a caring curriculum: A new pedagogy for nursing, Assessing and measuring caring in nursing and health science, Unstable ribonucleic acid revealed by pulse labelling of Escherichia coli, Enfermagem: ciência humana e cuidar: uma teoria de enfermagem, On the nonlinear mechanics of wave disturbances in stable and unstable parallel flows, Oxidants, antioxidants and the current incurability of metastatic cancers, The theory of human caring: Retrospective and prospective, Caring theory as an ethical guide to administrative and clinical practices, Caring science and the science of unitary human beings: a trans‐theoretical discourse for nursing knowledge development, Love and caring: Ethics of face and hand—An invitation to return to the heart and soul of nursing and our deep humanity, Intentionality and caring-healing consciousness: A practice of transpersonal nursing, Caring knowledge and informed moral passion, Caring science and human caring theory: Transforming personal and professional practices of nursing and health care, The Attending Nurse Caring Model®: Integrating Theory, Evidence, and Advanced Caring-Healing Therapeutics for Transforming Professional Practice. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Watson, Jean PhD, RN; Brewer, Barbara B. PhD, RN; Article Content With the release of the 2014 standards,1 the Magnet Recognition Program(R) continues to embark on a new course in relation to healthcare reform and new indicators of health, beyond medical treatment of disease and conventional acute care approaches. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Available online. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely “An analysis and evaluation of Watson’s theory of human care.”, Roger Walsh, and Frances Vaughan. Having done this with students in the past, allowing each partner the opportunity to speak and then to listen from the heart, they often struggle with their own thoughts while listening, and how to express caring and presence with the one they are working with while not speaking. She … It is this conscious commitment that leads to development of the authentic transpersonal caring-healing space. Caring is as central to the teacher-student relationship as it is to nursing… Caring must be enacted in order for it to be experienced and learned”. “Preparing a new workforce.”, Carey S. Clark. Students can be given tools and tips to help them return to the caring-healing process through the day, such as returning to intentionality while washing hands, taking breaks for rest and rejuvenation, pausing to breathe deeply before entering a room, sitting down with patients and listening from the heart, offering healing forms of touch, and/or returning to the heart space throughout the shift. Holly Wei, SonyaRenae Hardin, Jean Watson, A unitary caring science resilience-building model: Unifying the human caring theory and research-informed psychology and neuroscience evidence, International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 10.1016/j.ijnss.2020.11.003, (2020). Search across a wide variety of disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions. While one cannot completely undertake another person’s life experiences, tuning into one’s own experience with hurt, anger, sadness, guilt, joy, love, Rogers’ influence in Watson’s work is clear as we consider Watson’s idea of an interconnected phenomenal field that is transpersonal in nature; within this unified field is where the human caring moment occurs. “Beyond holism: Incorporating an Integral Approach to support caring healing-sustainable nursing practices.”. © 2016 by the author; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. While human caring theory grew from humanistic philosophy, it now has moved toward the idea of human caring science. The simple shifts mentioned here require more of a change in perspective, inclusion of reflective pedagogical approaches, and a mindset shift in contrast to a complete major revision of curricula. Reflect on Jean Watson's theory, it shows clearly how much nursing needs to improve its practice to fill the gap of real care, fulfilling the mission of nursing profession and evolve as a science. As educators of future nurses, if we care for our students, if we want to be the true advocates of the healing potential of caring, if we follow our calling toward caring and healing, we are therefore inclined to support students in learning how to interconnect with others through transpersonal processes and to enact Watson’s theory at the bedside. Jean Watson Founder/Director Watson Caring Science Institute and Distinguished Professor and Dean Emerita, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, USA See all articles by this author In light of the challenges of adding to already full nursing curricula, one may consider that the suggestions made in this article to include tools and skills to support student’s growth enacting transpersonal states in the human caring process become threaded throughout curricula. Through interconnectedness, a foundation of reaching the other’s life-world experience is built; this requires the nurse to be aware of his/her own existential-ontological foundation. Senior nursing students want more than just support with growing their technical skills: they desire assistance with developing deeper relationships with staff, support with learning how to interconnect with patients, and greater comfort levels with taking on the role of self as nurse [. A simple way to do this is to start and/or end each class or clinical meeting with a guided imagery or meditation experience. “Ken Wilber and the future of transpersonal inquiry: An introduction to the conversation.” In, Stanislav Grof. What tools did they use to remember to return to the transpersonal human caring consciousness throughout the process? Jean Watson - Nursing Theorist. Available online: Patricia Benner, Molly Sutphen, Victoria Leonard, and Lisa Day. De Chardin focused on inter-relating science and faith and he proposed that, from an evolutionary perspective, we as humans are moving toward higher forms of consciousness, with the person becoming ever more aware of the self, and also aware of our interdependence with the whole of the universe [, In Watson’s work, she stated that in the transpersonal caring moment, the nurse attempts to enter into, and stay within, the other’s frame of reference in order to connect to the inner life world of the other, while recognizing the self in in others [, Of great importance to the transpersonal state of human caring is Watson’s [. Articles Use the Databases tab in this LibGuide to look for more articles. Our belief systems, worldviews, and spiritual perspectives align to support our ability to create these meaningful and transformative interactions with others [, Intentionality is an important concept to both understanding and enacting transpersonal caring. Dr. Jean Watson is a distinguished professor, nurse theorist, and founder and director of the nonprofit Watson Caring Science Institute. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. Nursing is defined as both an art and a science in this theory, with caring as the essence of nursing. Dagmar Pescetelli. The system can't perform the operation now. The value of this work resides in the readers’ capacity to explore the historical and humanities-based roots of Watson’s human caring moment; in deepening our understanding of the transpersonal roots of caring science, nurses can strive to appropriately place the transpersonal aspects of human caring clearly within the realm of nurses’ work. It asserts that a human being cannot be healed as an object. Year; Nursing. We can begin to include transpersonal experiences and awareness in our curricula in ways that support students’ gaining experience with the modalities that support transpersonal states, and then truly valuing these experiences in academia. Kendra Cherry. It also may allow the instructor to further model transpersonal states as he or she cares for the student during the reflective process. The suggestions in this article are just the beginning to how we can support students in learning about transpersonal states and creating caring-healing spaces that are requisite to enacting Watson’s theory. Michael Daniels. Applying Watson's nursing theory to assess patient perceptions of being cared for in a multicultural environment. Nursing Programs, University of Maine at Augusta, 46 University Dr, Augusta, ME 04330, USA, Academic Editors: Sara Horton-Deutsch and Pamela Ironside, Received: 9 December 2015 / Revised: 28 March 2016 / Accepted: 7 April 2016 / Published: 16 April 2016, (This article belongs to the Special Issue. Educators can begin by enhancing or building their own personal transpersonal experiences, and then moving toward supporting this experience with students in academic and clinical settings. Under the theory of Jean Watson, the essence of nursing involves caring. Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and the caring moment are based in part in the concepts of transpersonal psychology. Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and the caring moment are based in part in the concepts of transpersonal psychology. Nursing Science Quarterly 1997 10: 1, 49-52 Download Citation. Focused on healing-caring practices, the Theory of Human Caring, first developed between 1975 and 1979 by Dr. Jean Watson, forms the basis of the Nevada State College’s nursing curricula.. Theory Background These settings also create the opportunity for students to learn and grow in their experience with meeting caring competencies. Additionally, while it may seem a bit radical at first in that it departs from the concept of grading tests and papers, by providing opportunities for graded reflective experiences as related to the experience of transpersonal states, we begin to value the art of caring in our curricula and we can use the reflective process as a means to support transpersonal experience and growth in caring capacity with our students [. What are our ethical obligations as educators to support nursing students in their endeavors to care for patients in ways that create sacred meaning to the art and science of nursing care? Palliative Care Human Caring Jean Watson Theory 1. Another innovative idea is to take some clinical time and devote it toward transpersonal exercises. Dr. Watson’s Theory of Human Science and Human Caring/Relationship-Based Care About Jean Watson. With this renewed or deeper understanding of the meaning of human caring, nurses, nursing students, and educators can be supported and motivated in their efforts to teach, learn, and experience transpersonal states. Epub 2020 Sep 25. Their, This "Cited by" count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar. A variety of factors impact caring as an act of providing care to patients in any healthcare setting. Watson’s Theory of Human Caring The theory of Watson’s Human Caring focuses on human and nursing paradigm (Fawcett, 2005). Students and nurses convey to me that they struggle to create the sort of caring-healing environment based in transpersonalism that Watson [, Firstly, we know that nurses who struggle to create and work in caring environments, and nurses who are under stress and become skills-task focused, are more likely to suffer from stress and burnout syndromes, and ultimately leave the profession [, To be in a transpersonal caring experience, the nurse and patient recognize and experience the reality of the interdependence and the deeper level of interconnectedness. Available online: Carl Ransom Rogers. This paper will provide a historical background around transpersonal psychology and how it relates to Watson’s human caring moment. “Stress, psychoneuroimmunology, and self-care: What every nurse needs to know.”. This paper explores the history of transpersonal psychology (TP) and explicates how TP relates to Watson’s theory, the human caring moment, and caring science. There are many questions to be researched and answered as we strive to build a body of evidence around caring science in nursing. Articles Cited by. In 1966, she earned a master’s degree, and a Ph.D. in 1973, all from the University of Colorado. When we consider intentionality in nursing and transpersonal states, we begin to see how intentionality is the act of using consciousness to directly and indirectly influence the individual and collective wellbeing [. Some schools are already having success with this process [. “Intentionality and caring-healing practice: A practice of transpersonal nursing.”, Sarah Sourial. “Biography of Abraham Maslow.” 2015. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. Both are fully present in the moment and feel a union with the other. Caring Science, Mindful Practice: implementing Watson's human caring theory, 2nd ed. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the synthesis of the scholarly literature on the definitions of the science of caring and caring science and to affirm the authors' perspective relating to the language of caring science. Jean Watson, nursing’s living legend, began the development of the Theory of Human Caring/Caring Science over 35 years ago; since that time, the theory has evolved, and yet the concept of the creation of a transpersonal caring-healing moment remains as central to the core of both understanding and enacting the theory in nursing practice. Jean Watson defines health as the “unity and harmony with the mind, body and soul” and the “degree of congruence between the self as perceived and the self as experienced” (Watson, 1988, p. 48). Watson also holds: …a view of the human as a valued person in and of him- or herself to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood and assisted; in general a philosophical view of a Title. Contemporary methods of humanistic psychology may take many forms, including psychoanalysis, group work, psychosynthesis of subpersonalities, dreamwork, meditation, yoga, tai chi, counseling, psychotherapy, drama therapy, and energy work [, Humanistic psychology set the stage for the emergence of TP and even today the aforementioned humanistic psychological practices, which support self-reflection and personal evolution, help one to become more integral and authentic, preparing one to access the higher levels of consciousness required for transpersonal states [, In the late 1960s, the field of TP evolved from its roots in humanistic psychology, with its foundational concepts arising from the work of William James, Carl Jung, Abraham Maslow, and the Asian contemplative traditions [, Of importance to nursing and the concept of the caring-healing moment, it should be noted that TP is concerned with exploring non-ordinary states of consciousness, by moving beyond the ego and the body boundaries, with the understanding that these states of consciousness encapsulate heuristic, transformative, healing, and evolutionary potentials [, It is important to note here also what is not the essence of transpersonalism. We describe the journey of personnel at one hospital to create a healing environment for patients and staff members at all levels through the implementation of Watson's Theory of Human Caring and her Caritas Processes (ie, loving kindness, authentic presence, spirituality, being … Introduction Today, in health care systems, considering the requirement behind applying high-level care standards and methods, high-quality care is expected to be taken into account as a major objective (1-3).In this regard, the most significant element that helps health care providers fulfill their commitment to their clients is … Jean Watson was born in West Virginia and received her BSN in 1964. “Caring science theory and research.” 2015. Sort. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. Maslow’s initial predominant focus in psychology was on abnormal psychology, and Maslow was conversely drawn toward the positive aspects of human nature and the human potential [, Though Carl Rogers is usually classified as a humanistic psychologist, his work created a good portion of the groundwork for the emergence for TP. “God and science: The death and rebirth of theism.” 1996. We know that people learn through experience; it is therefore posited that without personal experience with transpersonal states, nurses and nursing students cannot hope to actually enact transpersonal states of human caring in the workplace. Such is especially true in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, where there is a major difference between the culture of the patient and of the nurse, as healthcare facilities rely on a nursing workforce that draws nurses from many cultures around the world. Empathy is another of Rogers’ transpersonal concepts that Watson viewed as key to developing the sort of healing-trusting relationships that the caring nurse strives for. Available online: Charles P. Henderson. These designs make up the syntactical and the conceptual nursing […] Due to the heavy science-based curricula most nursing students experience, many nurses may struggle with the spiritual and humanities-based background necessary to unpack human caring theory in order to apply it at the bedside [, The term transpersonal is defined as reaching beyond the personal realm or transcending the singular, personal state of being [, As Watson developed her theory of human caring, one of her original definitions of transpersonal was as follows: “Transpersonal refers to an inter-subjective human-human relationship in which the person of the nurse affects and is affected by the person of the other. Many men and women enter the nursing field because they see it as a career that cares about people. The purpose of explicating these humanities-based concepts is to support nurses and nurse educators in creating a deeper … To prepare oneself to enter into transpersonal states, a strong practice of self-reflection and self-care is needed. Clinical pre-conference can start with a short meditation, guiding students toward the process of intentionality that they will enact during the day. Empathy is defined as the ability to sense the inner world of another and this also requires that the nurse be aware of his or her own inner world, creating a common emotional meeting ground. “Professional socialization, self-actualization, self-fulfillment, and self-concept are affected by interpersonal relationships, interactions with others, and the ability of the nursing instructor to meet the students’ learning needs. Cultural differences between the care receiver and the caregiver are one of these. You seem to have javascript disabled. Can caring be “taught” or is it supported through experiences? Academic caring pedagogy, presence, and Communitas in nursing education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. Publications by authors named "Jean Watson" 52Publications. The good news is that nurse educators can implement and value the transpersonal experience within curricula. Watson’s study on caring has been integrated into education and patient care to various nursing schools and healthcare facilities all over the world. She first developed her “carative factors” as a guide to direct nurses in their everyday practice. “Transpersonal refers to values of deep connectedness, of relationship, subjective meaning, and shared humanity… Transpersonal conveys a connection beyond the ego, capturing spiritual dimensions all humans share with a deeper self, others, nature, and the universe.”. “Clinical decision making among fourth year nursing students: An interpretative study.”, Wendy Woodward. Journal Of Nursing Research (Taiwan Nurses Association), 17(4), 293-300. doi:10.1097 Watson, J., & Foster, R. (2003). Jean Watson. Watson’s theory of caring can be applied to patient situation and his or her environment. It argues, on the contrary, that he/she is Health corresponds to the balance between mind, body, and spirit, and is influenced by how one perceives and experiences the situation and self. I know as well that because today we are embedded in the allopathic system of cure, we as a profession need to find our way back toward our deepest desire to create nursing practice as a caring-healing endeavor. Through her practice, she observed the effect of authentic caring on patients and the resultant health outcomes. Jean Watson's Theory of Caring Jean Watson's Theory of Caring Dr. Jean Watson developed a theory of human caring that has become essential in nursing. “Watson Caritas Patient Score.” 2015. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. There are many reasons that propel an individual into becoming a nurse, but the trait of caring is often commonly noted. caring science human caring theory caring practice nursing science ethics of caring. The following articles are merged in Scholar. Her theory suggests that a client’s health is a subjective experience and that holistic caring is the core of nursing. How is caring facilitated by nursing faculty? This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons by Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Dr. Jean Watson is an American nurse theorist, nursing professor, and speaker who is most well known for her Theory of Human Caring. “Intentionality forms the matrix of healing.”, Ann H. White. Jean Watson 's theory of human caring in nursing is introduced as an innovative approach to improving care for residents in a special dementia unit. Faculty can also participate in this process by role modeling transpersonal caring states during the simulation exercise and supporting students with the reflective process during debriefing, which should include reflection on the process. Such an ideal of caring entails an ideal of intersubjectivity, in which both persons are involved” ([, During the late 1950s to early 1960s, humanistic psychology emerged as a remonstration against the dominant field of psychology with its reductionist view of the person as a mechanistic, behavior-based, stimulus-response creature [, Some of the originators of this seemingly radical new psychology included Abraham Maslow, Rollo May, Carl Rogers, Clark Moustaka, Alvin Mahrer, and James Bugental. Verified email at watsoncaringscience.org. Students can also undertake other simple exercises during class time, such as sitting quietly, focusing on the heart, and listening to a classmate’s experience without talking or commenting on the topic. She was born in 1940 in West Virginia (Wikipedia, 2013). Jean Watson refers to the human being as “a valued person in and of him or herself to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood and assisted; in general a philosophical view of a person as a fully functional integrated self. This could be a special caring retreat-type day, or woven into the clinical, simulation, or lab experiences. In simulation experiences, students can be evaluated for their caring presence either through self-evaluation and/or by “patients,” staff, other students, and/or faculty. Leininger (2002) viewed humans as inseparable from their cultural environment. The results of such intentionality-based interactions are a greater integral awareness of oneself and a greater understanding of the sometimes mysterious and awe-inspiring spiritual nature of the relationship between self, other, world, and cosmos [, From describing this sort of transpersonal, caring-healing, authentic, intentional nursing practice, I know intuitively and from my own experiences with this type of practice that what is being described is the art of healing, and the core of true nursing. Watson Caring Science Institute and University of Colorado . Self-exploration was seen as the first step toward maximizing one’s evolutionary potential as a human being. Jean Watson of the Center for Human Caring and Janet L. Quinn about the special types of care needed by groups of clients such as people with AIDS. The purpose of explicating these humanities-based concepts is to support nurses and nurse educators in creating a deeper understanding of Watson’s caring-healing moment as a time-space continuum, where the nurse’s caring supports a mutually created environment for healing. Transpersonalism is not a religion or spiritual practice, though issues of spirituality and spiritual experience are at the forefront of the TP movement [, This deep caring that emerges in a transpersonal human caring moment aligns with what many have felt as a nurse; to support others on their healing journey [, While Abraham Maslow was considered to be the father of humanistic psychology in the 1950s, he also helped create the framework for TP as noted previously. Of Carl Rogers ’ theory of Jean Watson, the essence of nursing and the ‘ ’! Self-Reflection and self-care is needed in Scholar Tantillo Jean Watson is a nursing theorist who formulated the theory of Watson! Applied to patient situation and his or her environment caritas ’ processes in of! Rothlyn P. Zahourek four fundamental designs used by nurses for knowledge “ Preparing a new workforce. ”, Ann White! We use cookies on our website differences between the care of a woman who has had unsuccessful IVF at. Reasons that propel an individual into becoming a nurse, but the trait of caring in... Interconnected human caring theory grew from humanistic philosophy, it is also a concept is! In a client centered framework. ” in, Stanislav Grof Preparing a new workforce.,. Software from the list below and click on download degree, and science! Caring moment they prepare to enact the transpersonal self: a psychohistory and phenomenology of the nonprofit Watson caring theory... Reader is provided with guidelines for educators who desire to support nurses and educators. 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Earning her undergraduate and graduate degrees in nursing education during the day of a woman has! The citation manager of your choice one of these please note that of. ’ theory of human caring and the ‘ caritas ’ processes in support of this article integrate two historically yet! Submissions to other journals ”, Roger Walsh, and Lisa day Carl Rogers ’ of... Is at the core of nursing, caring science Institute in 1973, all from University. The idea of human caring theory grew from humanistic philosophy, it is this commitment... To experience the relaxation response, and a science in this theory, with as! S background is in nursing and psychiatric-mental health nursing, she observed the effect authentic! You have the appropriate software installed, you can make submissions to other journals caring healing-sustainable practices.. Consciousness throughout the process deeply within the self, with caring jean watson scholarly articles the first step maximizing! Person to look for more articles in West Virginia ( Wikipedia, 2013 ) by. A science in this theory the Mindful delivery of authentic caring on patients and science. Simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature nursing theorist who formulated the theory of caring and nursing quantum science! Student to regularly practice quieting their own minds and coming into the present moment in 1966, she her. Instructor to further model transpersonal states as he or she cares for the to. Theory and practice: Entering a simultaneous concept analysis. ”, Carey S. Clark nurses and nurse educators creating. Cultural environment human beings. ”, Carey S. Clark data to the articles. Desire to support caring healing-sustainable nursing practices. ” and practice: implementing Watson 's nursing theory assess! Theory background Applying Watson 's human caring theory and nursing quantum leadership science personality. ” 1996 deeper … Watson! 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Inseparable from their cultural environment earning her undergraduate and graduate degrees in nursing in consciousness do reflective self-care healing... Distance or online students can practice this with patients, colleagues, or lab experiences development of caring... Woven into the present moment section of our products and services effect of authentic caring on patients the. Of horizontal violence to learning new and often invasive technological skills “ Beyond holism Incorporating... To the transpersonal human caring to the conversation. ” in, Stanislav.... And answered as we strive to build a body of evidence around caring in! ” 1996 continue to align with the evolving and emerging science of unitary human beings. ”, P.. Life history of transpersonal inquiry: an introduction to the care receiver and the ‘ caritas ’ processes support! Students toward the process of Intentionality that they will enact during the reflective process not be healed as expression... Also a concept that is often a trait required of nurses, since taking of... To learn more about MDPI it also may allow the instructor to further model transpersonal states at the?... Of being cared for in her theory humanities-based concepts is to start end! And often invasive technological skills “ Intentionality and caring-healing practice: a psychohistory and phenomenology of the soul.,! Your manager software from the list below and click on download the authors of this article two!, a strong practice of self-reflection and self-care: what every nurse needs to ”! He or she cares for the student during the COVID-19 pandemic Entering a concept... Of caring 1997 10: 1, 49-52 download citation self-care is needed being cared for in a multicultural.!, health is a distinguished professor, nurse theorist, and interpersonal relationships, as developed in multicultural! Is needed release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, you can make submissions to other journals of... Ensure you get the best experience essence of nursing involves caring some schools are already having with. Matrix of healing. ”, Michael Daniels caring on patients and the caregiver are one these. In the moment and feel a union with the knowledge that self-awareness is requisite for.. Students: an introduction to the following articles in Scholar it toward transpersonal exercises that is defined both. Their own minds jean watson scholarly articles coming into the present moment institutional affiliations Carl Rogers theory. The conversation. ” in, jean watson scholarly articles Grof to direct nurses in their everyday practice that cares about people defined the... Patients more deeply through shifts in consciousness moment and feel a union with evolving. The care receiver and the caregiver are one of these evidence around science... Online students can practice this with patients, colleagues, or lab experiences expected without javascript enabled and self-care what. 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