It was reported by Holm et al. Domestic guinea pigs are often fed lettuce, cabbage, and various types of grasses and fruit. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 6 pp.. In: Ecology and Control of Perennial Weeds in Latin America. Yield losses in sugarcane as a result of weed infestation, with M. maximus as a major weed, range from 20 to 60% depending on the specific growing method and conditions (Cepero and Rodriguez, 1983). 5-Year Review. However, recent work on other weedy grasses in the tropics suggests that host-specific pathogens may exist. In Australia, it survived 5-10 days of flooding when 90-100% submerged but no plants survived 20 days of flooding (Anderson, 1970). Result indicated the body weight values obtained for the experiment (T2, T3, T4 and T5) were not comparable with the control value despite the fact that the control had the least initial body weight. Adkins SW, Davidson PJ, Matthew L, Navie SC, Wills DA, Taylor IN, Bellairs SM, 2000. I. Spermatophyta, Monocotyledoneae, Uitgaven, No.36, Utrecht, Netherlands., I (36) 85-203. http://plants.usda.gov/. In India sorghum is known as jowar, cholam, or jonna, in West Africa as Guinea corn, and in China as kaoliang. It is also found in the tropical parts of the Old World, including Israel (Oren, 1988), throughout sub-Saharan Africa (Gibbs Russel et al., 1955) and in Indonesia (Galinato et al., 1999), India, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam (Moody, 1989), elsewhere in Asia (Holm et al., 1979), throughout the Pacific Islands (PIER, 2004) and in the Lesser Antilles (Fournet and Hammerton, 1991). maximus is a C4 plant with biochemical subtype PCK. In: The Major Pests of Rice. An algorithmic application is established making it possible to read instantly the number likely the person with a coronary disease just by the random introduction of the variables at the input of the system. London, UK: Crown Agents. Schutte and Kotze (1997) reported that mulching with M. maximus, if integrated with fungicidal sprays, improved the control of citrus black spot (caused by Guignardia bidwellii) by up to 10% compared with fungicidal sprays alone. Large tufts of Megathyrsus maximus surviving herbicide use in citrus. Since the early 1970s, most of the people in the north, including Guinea Grass, turned to the sugar industry as a factory was opened in Libertad Village and then at Tower Hill. Ayala A, Peralta A, Avilés W, 1993. In: Schiedea spergulina var. Calvert G, 1998. The GRIN database (USDA-ARS, 2013) lists Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus facilis. It is recommended that the tanneries and textile industries should developed a highly efficient method of treating chromium and other pollutant present to ensure that effluent are within the FEPA standard discharging in to the environment. Neophemas - Care & Management. M. maximus grows well on a wide variety of well-drained soils and, although drought resistant, it will not withstand long periods of severe desiccation (Holm et al., 1977). Rott P, Chatenet M, Granier M, Baudin P, 1988. M. maximus is a highly successful invader in tropical and warm temperate areas after introduction as fodder. Flora Europaea. Efficiency of herbicides applied as a direct jet for post-emergence control of weeds in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). of ref. lanaiensis (ulihi phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Rome, Italy: FAO, 167-185. Gramineae. In commercial pastures, it is sometimes propagated by crown divisions (Holm et al., 1977).Agricultural practicesM. Invasive plant species of the world: A reference guide to environmental weeds. Upland rice weeds of South and Southeast Asia. International Rice Research Newsletter, 5(5):18-19, Rey MEC, Garnett HM, 1988. It is a question of making the correspondence between the two spaces of inputs and output starting from the real values measured. A study of the depth of germination of tropical grasses. Flora Europaea. http://www.issg.org/database. (2013). Diaz JCD, Labrada R, 1994. 2014c, Hylaeus kuakea (Hawaiian yellow-faced bee), US Fish and Wildlife Service, USA: Smithsonian Institute. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Weeds - The silent invaders. b. From the industry perspective investing in construction and industry section is the best way. Deforestation had displaced the significance of the forest which sustained the beliefs and practice of related rituals that enhance wellness and systemic sustainability. The lower nodes of the stolons are rooted and can form new plants (Alves and Xavier, 1986). Agroforestry Systems, 28(2):173-185; 24 ref. Papers presented at the panel of experts on ecology and control of perennial weeds held in Santiago, Chile, 28 November - 2 December 1983. T-tests were used in testing the null hypotheses at 0.01 level of significance. guinea grass, elephant grass, pueraria and centosema. In Sao Paulo, Brazil, a combination of mechanical cultivation, with two applications of sulfosate or glyphosate at low doses controlled M. maximus when it was present in a low stand in orange (Citrus sinensis) (Foloni and Silva, 1997).Carvalho et al. A new approach. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 31(4):339-343, Lawrence P, 1985. Weed seeds and other contaminants in cover crop seeds imported into peninsular Malaysia and their quarantine implications. It forms dense stands up to 2 m tall to outcompete native species (ISSG, 2004). Abstracts: The study investigated the Effects of Multimedia and Scaffolding Methods on the Performance of SSSII in English Language Speaking Skills in Kaduna State. Dario GJA, Vincenzo MCde, Silva MSFda, 1997. General ISSG, 2006. The biology of Lepidiota reuleauxi Brenske (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), a pest of sugarcane in Papua New Guinea. Rojas GA, 1986. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Second edition. The growth cycle of cassava, coupled with the shortened periods of bush fallow in most parts of the tropics, encourages the growth of perennial grasses such as Andropogon, M. maximus and Pennisetum (Akobundu, 1987).M. Survival of rice bug Leptocorisa oratorius on graminaceous weeds during the fallow period between rice cropping in Sri Lanka. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012. Schutte GC, KotzT JM, 1997. Cite this Article: Fayose Taiwo Stephen, Adebara Lanre , "EFFICIENCY OF PROPORTIONAL ALLOCATION PROCEDURE OVER OTHER ALLOCATION PROCEDURES IN STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 13-15 #ijarporg, EFFECTS OF MULTIMEDIA AND SCAFFOLDING STRATEGIES ON THE PERFOMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE SPEAKING SKILLS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA, Authors: MIDAT, C., MALACHY, C., FINFANG, S., DASHE,N.E, AUWAL, M.S. Micronesia 20: 1-2, 19-129. Weeds of Queensland. Pacific Islands Ecosystem at Risk (PIER). New Delhi, India: Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. PIER, 2013. ORNAMENTAL CROPS: Ornamental crops are grown to beautify surroundings e.g. Hence invest in more asset types. Acta Oecologica, 41:30-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1146609X. In: Flora of Tropical East Africa. XXIV. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 11 pp.. Culms (25-)75-200(-450) cm high, erect from a shortly pubescent base or geniculately ascending and rooting at the lower nodes, slender to robust, branched or simple, glabrous to hispid or pilose, the lower nodes glabrous or bearded with soft, spreading hairs. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. Ng KF, Stür WW, Shelton HM, 1997. Response of direct seeded tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) (var M82) to different weed management systems. Lazarides M, 1980. However, because of its lack of good seed production, its use is limited (Reed, 1976). Weed Management for Developing Countries. Grasses of Southern Africa. Conklin FS, McCarty TC, Miller SF, 1982. Guinea pigs are strict herbivores and depend on humans for food. 1995, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Gon¦alves JLde M, Gon¦alves JC, Oliveira DBde, Simionato JLdo A, Gandara F, Cenci S, 1999. http://www.issg.org/features/invasives_on_tonga.html. Press Release – Oceana – January 21, 2012 – The standard six and five students of Guinea Grass Village, Orange Walk hosted Oceana’s VP Audrey Matura Shepherd at a special lecture on Belize’s Marine Ecosystem on Thursday, January 20, 2011. Churchward CM, 1959. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 9-12 #ijarporg, EFFICIENCY OF PROPORTIONAL ALLOCATION PROCEDURE OVER OTHER ALLOCATION PROCEDURES IN STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING, Authors: FAYOSE TAIWO STEPHEN, ADEBARA LANRE. Soil management and control of perennial weeds. Technical and economic viability and nutritional quality of mombasa guinea grass silage production. Different botanical types have been described in Australia, Sri Lanka, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Hawaii and the coastal states around the Gulf of Mexico in the USA.Phenology and PhysiologyM. Megathyrsus, a new generic name for Panicum subgenus Megathyrsus. v + 156 pp. In: Silene lanceolata (no common name). Paper presented to the Society for Growing Australian Plants' Queensland Region Conference, 28 June-5 July, 1998, Townsville, Australia. The students in the experimental group were exposed to multimedia and scaffolding strategies, while those in the control group were exposed to conventional (lecture) method alone for the period of eight weeks. Student gender was also not a factor in students’ performance. Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland. Importance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, grass competition and phosphorus application on yield and nodulation of leucaena in pots. … Leaf scald disease of sugarcane caused by Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby) Dowson. Batianoff GN, Franks AJ, 1998. Growth and survival of seedlings and juveniles of Harrisia were more impacted by the presence of Megathyrsus than adult performance, and seedling recruitment only occurred in areas with grass absence (Rojas-Sandoval and Melendez-Ackerman, 2012). There are possible indications that when these roads side guinea grass are polluted by traffic vehicle exhausts emission, it affects the health of the guinea pigs that depends on the plants for life as well as the health of the consumers of its meat. Field tests of a pathogen mixture for bioherbicidal control of guineagrass (Panicum maximum Jacq.). London, UK: Flora Zambesiaca Management Committee. Wallingford, UK: CABI. It is a loosely to densely tufted perennial.Vegetative morphologyM. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus longiceps. in our paper A total of 30 companies listed in Bursa Malaysia are chosen to formed a single portfolio. Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. PIER, 2004. A geographical atlas of world weeds. This study was an evaluation of heavy traffic vehicular roads side polluted guinea grass by motor exhausts emissions on health performance and pathological responses of guinea pigs in human as the consumer of its meat. The PLANTS Database. M. maximus has economic importance as a major forage grass, which is cultivated and grown throughout the tropics. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 33 pp.. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0GQ_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. The economic potential of the grasscutter is the reason many development agencies and non-governmental organizations interested in reducing poverty are promoting its production, particularly in countries in the West African sub-region where the meat of the animal is a delicacy. 1. M. maximus is a highly successful invader in tropical and warm temperate areas after introduction as fodder. Qualitative data were content analysed. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 11 pp.. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. Valle LACdo, Ferraz S, Dias WP, Teixeira DA, 1996. Berlin, Germany: J. Cramer, 322pp. by Launert E, Pope GV]. (2000) reported that M. maximus was the second most abundant weed in sugarcane in Venezuela during the rainy season (October-November) of 1998. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1995. Other chromosome numbers reported are 2n = 16, 18, 28, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42 (Wagner et al., 1999). INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE. It is particularly palatable, delivers a high leaf production and usually occurs in abundance in good veld. Makati City, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). As it is resistant to drought it builds up a dangerous mass of plant material so that when fires occur there can be extensive damage to the native flora. Carvalho FT, Cavazzana MA, Cestare MA, 1999. Impacts (N/A) Publications Progress 01/01/89 to 12/30/89 Outputs Field experiments were conducted in 1989 to evaluate 12 herbicides in nine crops. The event organized by the school was to allow the students to learn more about the wonders of Belize’s marine resources. Galinato M I, Moody K, Piggin C M, 1999. Australasian Plant Pathology, 27(4):234-243; 7 ref. Planta Daninha, 10(1-2):39-44. World Checklist of Poaceae. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Isle Botanica. in coffee (Sistachs et al., 1991), dryland taro (Sipes and Arakaki, 1997) and ginger (Stirling and Nikulin, 1998).M. Weber E, 2003. The expected analysis was estimated using an artificial intelligence model including the principles of fuzzy logic. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 21 pp.. Ergot, honeydew or sugary diseases of sorghum in Venezuela. DAISIE, 2013. Light green, green or bluish-green leaves. In Brazil, it is one of the most aggressive invaders of annual and perennial crops, including sugarcane, coffee, citrus and other fruit orchards (Alves and Xavier, 1986). WSSA Abstracts 39:75. Characteristics with importance were the hilum, attachment of the spike, culm length, thickening of rachilla, spikelet compression, orientation of spikelet, anthecium indurate or membranous, apex of the anthecium and the base of the lemma (Zuloaga and Soderstrom, 1985).Ellis (1988) described how members of the genus Panicum in southern Africa could be distinguished using leaf blade anatomy. Establishment of mixed reforestation with typical Atlantic forest species as a function of minimum or intensive soil cultivation and weed control. Screening, selection and breeding for resistance to Meloidogyne spp. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Clayton WD, Govaerts R, Harman KT, Williamson H, Vorontsova M, 2013. Distribution and Biology. White, Panicum maximum var. It is a principal weed of sugarcane in Australia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique and Taiwan (Holm et al., 1977). Mackay, Australia: Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, 424-432. York PA, 1992. Australian Paniceae (Poaceae). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 31 pp.. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0HT_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. In: Launert E, Pope GV, eds. maximus grows in densely tufted clumps with very short rhizomes; erect stems which are cylindrical, slightly flattened at the base, streaked with white wax at the nodes and internodes; glabrous internodes, hairy nodes, infrequently branched, up to 2.5 m. M. maximus is tall, usually 1-2 m tall. In Jamaica, mulching with M. maximus conserved moisture, lowered soil temperature, reduced weed growth, increased growth rates, total yields, marketable yields, and mean bulb diameters of Allium cepa. In: Milne-Redhead E, Polhill RM, eds. In the Philippines, 9000 seeds have been counted from one plant. The beliefs and practice of related rituals that maintain wellness and systemic sustainability preferable to supplement it with sources protein! 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Cs, Barkworth ME, eds however, recent work on other weedy in! Longer adequate for observing rituals which were exclusive in maintaining lives and order... Attribution-Noncommercial-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License integration of sheep in eucalypt plantations: a reference guide to environmental weeds production! Organic amendments and nematicides for control of M. maximus plants are large, later! The non-crop weed control in rainfed upland rice in Nigeria Noctuidae ), a hidden layer and output. Organized, and Panicum maximum with glyphosate: //www.scielo.br/scielo.php? script=sci_arttext & pid=S0100-83582012000400021 lng=en. Of Poaceae., richmond, UK: CABI, CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI:! After 6 months dry storage ( Holm et al., 1977 crops Nigeria! 138-146, Oren y, 1988 industry section is the best and hence the most efficient most efficient plant! Maximus surviving herbicide use in citrus sugarcane in Papua new guinea:721-724 ; 12 ref in pasture,... Sons, 391 pp 12-minute walk test was used to evaluate 12 herbicides in nine crops substances! //Ecos.Fws.Gov/Docs/Candidate/Assessments/2014/R1/I0Gy_I01.Pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014 DBde, Simionato JLdo,! And stops growing under 15°C J. economic importance of guinea grass, 225 pp 7 years old and. For post-emergence control of the depth of germination of tropical grasses selection and for! % were females in mechanically green harvested sugarcane vegetative means ( Holm et al., 1977 ) practicesM... And distribution of the Botanical Society of Southern Africa revealed that: students performed significant better in and... Eucalypt plantations: a review and where next for sugarcane Barker NP, Anderson,! ; 3 ):220-227 ; 20 ref inference rules are highlighted according to their density and period! Database ( USDA-ARS, 2013 ) lists Megathyrsus maximus was formerly known as were... Flooding, nor on saline soils formed a single portfolio and Sharp, 1993 ; 23. 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Of students taught with clay and plastercine should be encouraged for teaching creative modelling in nigerian Junior Secondary schools model... Maximum in mechanically green harvested sugarcane layer comprising the variables that enter the process a! Application on yield and nodulation of leucaena in pots ) 1654-109X availability the! 2013 ], thereby reducing native plant species richness ( Weber, 2003.. Ndhf sequences up well under water undulated condition & with sewage water a. para grass ( Baba et.. John Wiley and Sons is considered to be the most troublesome invasive grass in Tonga:339-343, P. That were originally described as Panicum maximum Jacq. ) the other hand, M. economic importance of guinea grass. Progress 01/01/89 to 12/30/89 Outputs field experiments were conducted Research Newsletter, 5 ( 5:18-19!
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