[25][26][27], Amaranth grain contains phytochemicals that are not defined as nutrients and may be antinutrient factors, such as polyphenols, saponins, tannins, and oxalates. The genus also contains several well-known ornamental plants, such as Amaranthus caudatus (love-lies-bleeding), a vigorous, hardy annual with dark purplish flowers crowded in handsome drooping spikes. [4] Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. [12] This complicates taxonomy and Amaranthus has generally been considered among systematists as a "difficult" genus and hybridize often. Thotakura Fry Andhra Style. [30] Known to the Aztecs as huāuhtli,[31] amaranth is thought to have represented up to 80% of their energy consumption before the Spanish conquest. Spice up your recipes! red chili. [8], The showy Amaranth present in John Milton's Garden of Eden is "remov'd from Heav'n" when it blossoms because the flowers "shade the fountain of life". In Andhra Pradesh, this leaf is added in preparation of a popular dal called thotakura pappu in (Telugu). There is no doubt that vegetables are a critical to the health of every human being. The species Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth) causes the greatest reduction in soybean yields and has the potential to reduce yields by 17-68% in field experiments. Wetzel et al. [45] In Nigeria, it is a common vegetable and goes with all Nigerian starch dishes. The classification of these groups are further supported with a combination of floral characters, reproductive strategies, geographic distribution, and molecular evidence. [15], Amaranthus includes three recognised subgenera and 75 species, although species numbers are questionable due to hybridisation and species concepts. [4] Although the family (Amaranthaceae) is distinctive, the genus has few distinguishing characters among the 75 species present across six continents. Made of Thota kura also known as Amaranth leaves are very popularly cooked in most of the south Indian homes. A., Jan, S., & Rashid, I. Urulai kizhangu, urulaikilangu, urulaikishangu, Bangala dumpa, bangaladumpa, bangaaladumpa, Raw Banana, raw plaintain, unripe raw banana, Plantain. People decorated their homes and trees with paper flags; ritual races, processions, dances, songs, prayers, and finally human sacrifices were held. Loaded with antioxidants, vitamins, protein, calcium, iron, carbohydrates and minerals, amaranth leaves provide energy, improve digestion, good for anaemics and reduce bad cholesterol. [10] The panicle is harvested 200 days after cultivation with approximately 1,000 to 3,000 seeds harvested per gram. salt to taste . Thotakura Vepudu – Amaranth Leaves Stir-Fry. tamarind paste. Amaranthus is part of the Amaranthaceae that is part of the larger grouping of the Carophyllales. Amaranthus (L.) spp. It is called chua in Kumaun area of Uttarakhand, where it is a popular red-green vegetable. A small amount of seed plants a large area (seeding rate 1 kg/ha). Contextual translation of "thotakura meaning in english" into English. [32][33] The earliest archeological evidence for amaranth in the Old World was found in an excavation in Narhan, India, dated to 1000-800 BCE[34][dubious – discuss]. [14] The support for the addition of the subdivision Albersia because of its circumcise, indehiscent fruits coupled with three elliptic to linear tepals to be exclusive characters to members of this subgenus. Amaranth are known as one of the superfoods having rich content of proteins, anti-oxidants and dietary fibre. [2] Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. While all species are believed to be native to the New World, several have been cultivated and introduced to warm regions worldwide. [6], "Amaranth" derives from Greek ἀμάραντος[7] (amárantos), "unfading", with the Greek word for "flower", ἄνθος (ánthos), factoring into the word's development as amaranth, the unfading flower. [4], Amaranth has a primary root with deeper spreading secondary fibrous root structures. viridis.[50][51]. 1/2 measure. After the Spanish conquest, cultivation of amaranth was outlawed, while some of the festivities were subsumed into the Christmas celebration. It grows fast and, in three cultivated species, the large seedheads can weigh up to 1 kg and contain a half-million small seeds. Thotakura. In Vietnam, it is called rau dền and is used to make soup. They are a good source of vitamin A and C, folate, thiamine, niacin and other dietary minerals including calcium, iron, potassium, zinc, copper, and manganese. (2017). [41], Amaranth species are cultivated and consumed as a leaf vegetable in many parts of the world. Etymology and culture "Amaranth" derives from Greek ἀμάραντος (amárantos), "unfading", with the Greek word for "flower", ἄνθος (ánthos), factoring into the word's development as amaranth, the unfading flower. [24] Amaranth does not contain gluten. It is known in Yoruba as shoko, a short form of shokoyokoto (meaning "make the husband fat"), or arowo jeja (meaning "we have money left over for fish"). 6 cup. As a last name Thotakura was the 119,508 th most popular name in 2010.; How unique is the name Thotakura? The leaves of some species are also eaten. 1 teaspoon. 4 … medium onion chopped. [44] It is also known among the Kalenjin as a drought crop (chepkerta). Some publications on Tirukkural translations include Prof. Yousuf Kokan’s name also in the list of Kural translations in Urdu. Proper weed control needs to be applied before the species successfully colonizes in the crop field and causes significant yield reductions. Amaranth and its relative quinoa are considered pseudocereals because of their similarities to cereals in flavor and cooking.The spread of Amaranthus is of a joint effort of human expansion, adaptation, and fertilization strategies. An evolutionary lineage of around 90 species within the genus has acquired the C4 carbon fixation pathway, which increases their photosynthetic efficiency. In Assamese it is called Hilikha. Thotakura pulusu is an amazing dish that tastes tangy, spicy, sweet and a natural earthly flavor. Flowers are radially symmetric and either bisexual or unisexual with very small, bristly perianth and pointy bracts. In cooked and edible forms, amaranth retains adequate content of several. 5 measure. [9] He describes Amaranth as 'immortal' in reference to the flowers that generally do not wither and retain bright reddish tones of color, even when deceased; sometimes referred to as "love-lies-bleeding. 16185, EEC No. Amarnath leaves is a powerhouse of Iron, minerals and vitamins. This probably occurred in the Miocene. Two species are popular as edible vegetable in Vietnam: dền đỏ (Amaranthus tricolor) and dền cơm or dền trắng (Amaranthus viridis). [35], Ancient amaranth grains still used include the three species, Amaranthus caudatus, Amaranthus cruentus, and Amaranthus hypochondriacus. In Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India, it is called chaulai and is a popular red leafy vegetable (referred to in the class of vegetable preparations called laal saag). Thotakura pulusu is an amazing dish that tastes tangy, spicy, sweet and a natural earthy flavor. [2] Palmer amaranth is among the "top five most troublesome weeds" in the southeast of the United States and has already evolved resistances to dinitroaniline herbicides and acetolactate synthase inhibitors. It is called keerai masial. [3] Amaranth varies in flower, leaf, and stem color with a range of striking pigments from the spectrum of maroon to crimson and can grow longitudinally from 1 to 2.5 metres (3 to 8 feet) tall with a cylindrical, succulent, fibrous stem that is hollow with grooves and bracteoles when mature. Use of PCR-based molecular markers to identify weedy Amaranthus species. The names of vegetables in different languages are of utmost importance to chefs, gardeners, researchers, agricultural organizations, scientists, international travelers, vegetable growers, produce buyers, grocery store managers, and gourmet restaurants. Seeds of Amaranth grain have been found in archeological records in Northern Argentina that date to the mid-Holocene. Uncooked amaranth is particularly rich in manganese (159% DV), phosphorus (80% DV), magnesium (70% DV), iron (59% DV), and selenium (34% DV). [11] In pre-Hispanic times, amaranth was cultivated by the Aztec and their tributary communities in a quantity very similar to maize. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. [12][18], Uncooked amaranth grain is 12% water, 65% carbohydrates (including 7% dietary fiber), 14% protein, and 7% fat (table). [10] Species in this genus are either monecious (i.e. [49] The following 9 species of Amaranthus are considered invasive and noxious weeds in the U.S and Canada: A. albus, A. blitoides, A. hybridus, A. palmeri, A. powellii, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. tuberculatus, and A. [47], The flowers of the 'Hopi Red Dye' amaranth were used by the Hopi (a tribe in the western United States) as the source of a deep red dye. Amaranth weed species have an extended period of germination, rapid growth, and high rates of seed production,[2] and have been causing problems for farmers since the mid-1990s. Thotakura/Amaranth is one of my favourite greens as it is versatile and can be used in various preparations like Amaranth stir-fry, Dal, Pakoda and also Parathas. [5] Members of this genus share many characteristics and uses with members of the closely related genus Celosia. In Tamil Nadu, it is called mulaikkira and is regularly consumed as a favourite dish, where the greens are steamed and mashed with light seasoning of salt, red chili pepper, and cumin. A new herbicide-resistant strain of Amaranthus palmeri has appeared; it is glyphosate-resistant and so cannot be killed by herbicides using the chemical. [12] Bracteole morphology present on the stem is used for taxonomic classification of Amaranth. How To Get Ex Girlfriend Back by Vashikaran/Kala Jadu/Black Magic +91-7508915833 In Usa/Uk/Canada ASTROLOGER GOLD MEDALIST SAMEER SULEMANI ASTROLOGER ALL PROBLEM SOLUTION ONLY 72 HOURS 100% GUARANTEE Any Problems In Your Life. Pronunciation of Thotakura with 1 audio pronunciation, 1 meaning and more for Thotakura. 2 in North America and E123 in the European Union.[48]. [4], There are approximately 75 species in the genus, 10 of which are dioecious and native to North America with the remaining 65 monoecious species endemic to every continent from tropical lowlands to the Himalayas. The Aztec month of Panquetzaliztli (7 December to 26 December) was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli. Several species are raised for amaranth "grain" in Asia and the Americas. [12] A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. Amaranth grain is collected from the genus. Wild species have longer bracteole's compared to cultivated species. How to say Thotakura in English? Amaranth leaves (called Thotakura in Telugu, Mulai Keerai in Tamil, Chawli in Hindi and Lal Shaak in Bengali) are a good source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C and folate. Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets) in Urdu (اردو). In Sri Lanka it is called Aralu. The name was first applied to the related Celosia (Amaranthus and Celosia share long-lasting dried flowers), as Amaranthus plants were not yet known in Europe. Making up about 5% of the total fatty acids of amaranth, squalene[46] is extracted as a vegetable-based alternative to the more expensive shark oil for use in dietary supplements and cosmetics. Four species of Amaranthus are documented as cultivated vegetables in eastern Asia: Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor.[42]. 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